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[医学参考] 如何避免重建的前叉韧带再撕裂

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发表于 2016-4-28 21:48:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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The ACL is a ligament in the knee joint that connects the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone). It helps to stabilize the knee, by preventing it from moving inwards or outwards. Unfortunately, once you have torn the ACL once, you much more likely to tear it again. However, you can take steps to prevent this from happening by doing exercises to strengthen the knee and the surrounding muscles, and by taking certain preventative measures. See Step 1 below to get started.

前交叉韧带连接股骨与胫骨,维持膝关节稳定,不幸的是,一旦前交叉韧带发生过撕裂,就很有机会再次发生同样的损伤。你可采取锻炼加强膝关节及周围的肌肉组织来防止其发生。通过采取一定预防措施,见下面第1步开始。.

Part1  Exercising to Strengthen the ACL通过锻炼加强前交叉韧带
1、Do squats to strengthen the knee and hip joints.
深蹲加强髋、膝关节。

1.jpg

2、Try one-legged bridges to strengthen the muscles that support the knee joint.
“独腿桥”动作加强膝关节的肌肉。
2.jpg

3、Perform forward lunges to strengthen the thigh and support the knee joint.
弓箭步加强大腿及膝关节。
3.jpg

4、Do jumps to practice control.
跳跃控制。  
4.jpg

5、Do balance exercises to regain knee stability.
平衡练习恢复膝关节稳定性。  
5.jpg

6、Use a resistance band.
使用阻力带加强膝关节肌肉。  
6.jpg

Part2  Protecting the ACL保护你的前交叉韧带
1、Wear a knee brace to support and protect the knee.
护具保护膝关节。  
7.jpg

2、Always warm up properly before exercise.
锻炼前热身。  
8.jpg

3、Don't push yourself too hard.
恢复膝关节功能是一个漫长过程,不要急于求成而训练过度。
9.jpg

Part3  Caring For a Re-Torn ACL警惕前交叉韧带再断裂
1、Recognize the symptoms of a re-torn ACL.
识别前叉再断裂的症状。
10.jpg

2、Use the RICE method to heal a torn ACL.
“RICE”原则处置前叉韧带损伤。  
11.jpg

3、Take medication to relieve any pain.
药物治疗减轻疼痛。  
12.jpg

4、Undergo surgery following severe tears.
部分人群仍需承受手术治疗。  
13.jpg

5、Follow a rehabilitation program to regain knee mobility and strength.
遵循康复计划恢复膝关节的运动及关节强度。
14.jpg


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